Revised CBSE Syllabus 2021 for Class 12 Chemistry

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Revised CBSE Syllabus 2021 for Class 12 Chemistry
Revised CBSE Syllabus 2021 for Class 12 Chemistry

Revised CBSE Syllabus 2021 for Class 12 Chemistry

CLASS XII (2020-21) (THEORY)

Total Periods (Theory 98 + Practical 36)

Time : 3 Hours                                                                                                                    70 Marks

Unit No. Title No. of Periods Marks
Unit I Solid State 8   

 

23

Unit II Solutions 8
Unit III Electrochemistry 7
Unit IV Chemical Kinetics 5
Unit V Surface Chemistry 5
Unit VII p -Block Elements 7   

19

Unit VIII d -and f -Block Elements 7
Unit IX Coordination Compounds 8
Unit X Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 9   

 

 

28

Unit XI Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers 9
Unit XII Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 10
Unit XIII Amines 7
Unit XIV Biomolecules 8
Total 98 70

 

 

Unit I:   Solid State                                                                                                                 8 Periods

 

Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea). Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects.

Unit II: Solutions                                                                                                                    8 Periods

 

Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, Raoult’s law, colligative properties – relative lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties.

 

Unit III: Electrochemistry                                                                                                      7 Periods

 

Redox reactions, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis.

 

Unit IV: Chemical Kinetics                                                                                                    5 Periods

 

Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous), factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction, rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first order reactions).

 

Unit V: Surface Chemistry                                                                                                    5 Periods

 

Adsorption – physisorption and chemisorption, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspension; lyophilic, lyophobic, multi-molecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation.

 

Unit VII:p-Block Elements                                                                                                     7 Periods

 

Group -15 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; Nitrogen preparation properties and uses; compounds of Nitrogen: preparation and properties of Ammonia and Nitric Acid.

 

Group 16 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses, classification of Oxides, Ozone, Sulphur -allotropic forms; compounds of Sulphur: preparation properties and uses of Sulphur-dioxide, Sulphuric Acid: properties and uses; Oxoacids of Sulphur (Structures only).

 

Group 17 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens, Preparation, properties and uses of Chlorine and Hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, Oxoacids of halogens (structures only).

 

Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.

 

Unit VIII: d and f Block Elements                                                                                          7 Periods

 

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation.

Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.

 

Unit IX: Coordination Compounds                                                                                      8 Periods

 

Coordination compounds – Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Bonding, Werner’s theory, VBT, and CFT.

 

Unit X:   Haloalkanes and Haloarenes.                                                                                 9 Periods

 

Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C–X bond, physical and chemical properties, optical rotation mechanism of substitution reactions.

 

Haloarenes: Nature of C–X bond, substitution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only).

 

Unit XI:  Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers                                                                               9 Periods

 

Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration.

 

Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.

 

Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.

 

Unit XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids                                                          10 Periods

 

Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, uses.

 

Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

 

Unit XIII: Amines                                                                                                                    7 Periods

 

Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines.

 

 

Unit XIV: Biomolecules                                                                                                         8 Periods

 

Carbohydrates – Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccahrides (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration

 

Proteins –Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of proteins – primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins.

Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA.

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